By Aaron Klein
There seems to be a disconnect between the text of the nuclear deal between Iran and the U.S. and its allies and the way the Iranian government is presenting the specific terms of the historic agreement, a KleinOnline analysis has found.
Reflecting the Islamist party line in Tehran, Iran’s official IRNA state-run news agency released what it called a “Summary of provisions of the CJPOA” referring to the Comprehensive Joint Plan of Action affirmed by Iran and six world powers, including the U.S.
Iran’s “summary” seems to distort the actual text of the deal.
Regarding the lifting of sanctions, the IRNA claims that “all economic, financial sanctions in banking, finance, oil, gas, petrochemical, commerce, insurance and transportations leveled by the European Union and the U.S. under the pretext to Iran’s nuclear program, will be lifted on early stages of the agreement.”
The news agency fails to inform that according to the agreement, U.S. sanctions will only be removed once the United Nation’s International Atomic Energy Agency verifies Tehran is in compliance with the “implementation of the agreed nuclear-related measures.”
Iran portrays the agreement as affirming Tehran’s entire “nuclear infrastructure will remain intact, no centrifuges will be dismantled and research and development on key and advanced centrifuges such as IR-4, IR-5, IR-6, IR-8 will continue.”
However, the specifics of the agreement put “agreed limitations on all uranium enrichment and uranium enrichment-related activities including certain limitations on specific research and development (R&D) activities for the first 8 years.”
The text of the deal states Iran “will commence testing of up to 30 IR-6 and IR-8 centrifuges after eight and a half years” and that “Iran will continue to conduct enrichment R&D in a manner that does not accumulate enriched uranium.”
The deal places “certain limitations on specific research and development (R&D) activities for the first 8 years, to be followed by gradual evolution, at a reasonable pace, to the next stage of its enrichment activities for exclusively peaceful purposes.”
Iran’s state-run media boasted the agreement allows the controversial Arak Heavy Water Reactor to “continue its work and remain intact, to be modernized, and equipped with latest technology, new laboratories and new installations and through cooperation with the owners of most sophisticated and most secure technologies in the world.”
“Early demands for dismantling or changing it to a light water reactor is void,” the IRNA agency added.
While the outside building and architecture of Arak may technically remain “intact,” that word, as utilized by the IRNA, seems to espouse a fundamental misrepresentation of the agreement.
The agreement specifically calls for Iran to “redesign and rebuild a modernized heavy water research reactor in Arak, based on an agreed conceptual design, using fuel enriched up to 3.67 percent, in a form of an international partnership which will certify the final design.”
Continues the text of the deal: “The (Arak) reactor will support peaceful nuclear research and radioisotope production for medical and industrial purposes. The redesigned and rebuilt Arak reactor will not produce weapons grade plutonium.”
“Except for the first core load, all of the activities for redesigning and manufacturing of the fuel assemblies for the redesigned reactor will be carried out in Iran. All spent fuel from Arak will be shipped out of Iran for the lifetime of the reactor.”